Art der Veröffentlichung:

Beitrag in Sammelband


Handbook of European Societies, Springer, Berlin and New York, p.537-570 (2009)



The growth of transnational interconnectedness in an ever-integrating Europe is often taken for granted in theories of Europeanisation. However, research on the extent and degree of transnational exchanges and contacts between Europeans is still rare, and data on horizontal cross-border connections and movements are quite limited. Nonetheless, aside from “top-down” political processes, transnational interactions in everyday life possess a quality of their own, and it is necessary to have a closer look at this horizontal dimension of European integration. Thus, in this chapter we attempt to map different forms of “bottom-up” transnational activities in Europe on the basis of available data. We start with a portrayal of the infrastructure of transnational interaction in Europe, the networks of transport and communication, which we consider both as indications of transnational connectivity throughout Europe and as enabling factors of transnationalisation. Subsequently, we turn to several accounts of transnational activities at the grassroots level of society, such as intra-European migration and tourism, student and youth exchanges, town twinning and other forms of regional cross-border cooperation. We will show that there is a high and growing degree of interactions across national borders, which is bringing about a reasonable degree of pan-European connectivity in everyday life.

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